Aura - Ochrona Środowiska (AURA Environmental Protection) 2019/03
Category: Aura Ochrona Środowiska
Published: Tuesday, 12 March 2019 18:10
Written by Editor
- Ecological Chronicle
Co-financing of adaptation to climate change. On 1 February, the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management began the call for proposals under the priority program 5.4 "Adaptation to climate change and limiting the effects of environmental threats". The recruitment will continue until December 17, 2021 or until the funds are exhausted. Thanks to the program, local government units and their subsidiaries can obtain financial support, including for: development of urban plans and strategies for adaptation to climate change; investment activities in adaptation to climate change (including the so-called green-blue infrastructure, elimination of impervious surfaces, stormwater management systems and storm water drainage); measures to prevent flooding and counteract the effects of drought (including, among others, increasing retention in ecosystems, construction of water facilities, provision of drinking water to people in areas threatened with drought).
- Climate change is the biggest threat to coffee
Coffee (Coffea L.) is one of the most popular drinks in the world and the second most sold commodity after oil. Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) and coffee robusta (Coffea canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner) are the two main species used in coffee production, although the former is definitely more significant because it is responsible for around 70% of production commercial . Liberian coffee (Coffea liberica Bull ex Hiern) is still cultivated, but due to its less attractive aroma and greater durability, it is mainly used as rootstock in Arabica and Robusta cuttings. Arabica naturally occurs only in Ethiopia and southern Sudan, where it has been cultivated for at least several hundred years. Robusta and Liberian coffee in the natural state grows only in tropical Africa. Coffee is grown in over 70 regions of the tropical zone, in the countries of the Americas, Asia, Africa and Oceania. It gives work to 100 million people, most of whom are small farmers. The future of coffee crops is in doubt today. This plant has many enemies, including progressive loss of habitat. It results mainly from the change in the way land is used, in particular from felling of forests and the allocation of land for cultivation or animal husbandry.
- Conditions for connecting a micro-solar installation to the power grid
An investor planning to connect to the indoor installation a renewable source of electricity with an installed capacity of up to 50 kW (hereinafter referred to as micro-installation), the power of which is not greater than the connection power for the facility (specified in the contract for the provision of electricity distribution services or a comprehensive contract), know that: according to art. 4 of the Act on Renewable Energy Sources, electricity production in micro-installation by a natural person who is not conducting economic activity within the meaning of the Act on the freedom of economic activity and selling this energy by that person is not an economic activity within the meaning of this Act. Generation of electricity in micro-installation does not require obtaining a license for its production, according to the provisions in the abovementioned Act
- Negative effects of poultry production
The Western Center for Social and Economic Research has prepared a report entitled "The development of industrial poultry farming in Poland and the costs of externalization". The author of the report is Jarosław Urbański, who points out that our country and society bear huge costs of excessive growth of poultry production and its spatial concentration. Poland is one of the poultry producers in Europe. Annually, over one billion chickens are slaughtered here, of which as much as 45% are exported.
- Learning about the climate
The issue of climate, its changes, and especially global warming, arouses widespread interest. Increasingly, the subject of the climate triggers lively, often emotional discussions among both politicians and the whole society. The projections of the future of our planet's climate, alarming graphs of temperature changes in the last century, as well as debates about the impact of our actions on changes taking place are also uncertain. Each of us experiences weather changes every day, when we travel, we change climate zones, and whether we like it or not, we have reports of greenhouse gas problems. However, on the basis of these messages we can answer the question whether climate on Earth is warming or what are the consequences of climate change?
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