Medycyna Pracy (Occupational Medicine) 2018/05
Category: Medycyna Pracy
Published: Friday, 30 November 2018 14:59
Written by Editor
- Electromagnetic fields exposure assessment among workers at broadcast centers in Poland (477-482)
In the studies investigating the potential health effects of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF), the key problem is the assessment of workers’ exposure. Electromagnetic fields exposure assessment requires determining maximum EMF levels, for the acute effect, and the dose absorbed, for the cumulative effect. A study was undertaken to determine EMF exposure in workers at broadcasting centers (BCs) in Poland. It was the first part of a comprehensive project on health effects of occupational exposure to EMF.
- All employees need job resources – Testing the Job Demands–Resources Theory among employees with either high or low working memory and fluid intelligence (483-496)
The Job Demands–Resources Theory (JD-R) is one of the most influential theoretical frameworks for explaining work engagement. The JD-R postulates the existence of a health impairment process in which job demands lead to strain, and of a motivational process in which job resources lead to work engagement. Although cognitive functions are among the most important characteristics of employees related to job, still little is known about its moderating role in JD-R processes; hence in this study we make a novel attempt to test the invariance of JD-R propositions among employees at different levels of cognitive functioning.
- Social support in groups of mothers with different family status and its significance for satisfaction with work (497-507)
The purpose of the study was to determine to what degree social support is differentiated by family situation, with consideration of single motherhood as a difficult circumstance, and to establish if social support is significant for satisfaction with work in the studied group of mothers.
- Setting the spine while working in a sitting position and pain in dentists and medical assistants (509-522)
Spinal pain often occurs in people who work in a sitting position. The quality of this item is influenced by, among others type of workstation. For dentists, dental work stations are based on contemporary ergonomic work concepts, while medical assistants work on typical computer office workstations. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between pain and spine position when working in a sitting position on positions with different ergonomic potential.
- Association of PM2,5 fine particulate matter contained in atmospheric air during the smog episode with 24-hour exacerbations of respiratory system diseases in the population of the Śląskie Voivodeship (523-530)
Observed in recent years in Poland, periodically repeated - in each winter season - smog episodes have become an inspiration to research on the epi-demiological situation of exacerbations of respiratory system diseases registered in response to deterioration of the quality of atmospheric air.
- Occupational diseases among health care workers and social welfare in 2009-2016 (531-538)
The aim of the work is to present statistical data on the occurrence of occupational diseases among health care workers and social welfare in the years 2009-2016.
- Work-related non-work-related diseases - legal regulations, jurisprudence and potential consequences for employers and employees in Poland (539-546)
Work-related diseases include multifactorial diseases, which in the light of the current regulations can not be considered as occupational diseases, but on which the development, course or prognosis may be influenced by the work environment or the way it is performed. Considering their impact on the labor market, in addition to sickness absence, the phenomenon of giftism and shortening of professional activity, one should also take into account the possibility of employees seeking damages for the consequences of their occurrence.
- Adaptation of the II Labor Force Questionnaire in the group of Polish nurses and midwives (547-560)
The article presents the Polish adaptation of the Conditions for Work Effectiveness Questionnaire II (CWEQ II) developed by Laschinger and colleagues. The questionnaire of labor efficiency II is used to measure structural empowerment and is widely used in the study of a group of nurses and midwives. Structural structuring is the ability to mobilize available opportunities, information, resources and support in the organization. It involves creating conditions conducive to the individual development of nurses and making decision-making processes possible. The aim of the study was to check the psychometric properties of the Polish version of CWEQ II and to verify the factor structure of structural subjectivation in Polish conditions.
- Psychological research in the service of occupational medicine - legal regulations: part I (561-572)
Issues related to psychological research in case-law on work capacity are regulated by law. In many cases these tests can only be performed by occupational medicine psychologists. An analysis of 32 legal acts (17 acts and 15 ordinances) was carried out. Her goal was, among others indication of problematic issues related to research and formulation of proposals for changing regulations and bringing psychologists closer to the legal aspects of their work. Due to the volume of material (19 acts and 13 ordinances) it will be published in two parts. This Part I deals with the qualification of psychologists, research targeting, the purpose and scope of research and the timing of their implementation. Part II will discuss issues not directly related to diagnostics.
- Psychosocial work conditions and depression and depressive disorders: research review (573-581)
The article reviews the research on the relationship between depression diagnosed clinically and subjectively, and psychosocial working conditions. Most of them concern mobbing and stress at work. A significant part is also indicated by organizational injustice and restructuring, and individual studies - long working hours and disturbance of work-house balance as potential causes of depression among employees. The results of these analyzes confirm that especially mobbing and stress at work increase the risk of depression. It is all the greater, the greater the exposure to these factors. Many studies indicate that the relationship between negative psychosocial working conditions and reduced mental health levels are stronger among women. The obtained results suggest the need to make all possible efforts to change such work environments, and preferably - to prevent early deterioration of professional conditions.
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