Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy) 2020/11-12
Category: Polityka Społeczna
Published: Wednesday, 13 January 2021 18:13
Written by Editor
- The importance of labor inputs in contemporary trends in economic growth
The aim of the article is to show the relationship between the size of the human labor factor and economic growth in the 21st century, and in particular to determine the share of this factor in economic growth. The empirical base of the considerations is the statistical data on Poland and groups of European Union countries from 2000–2019. The research shows that the coefficients of employment growth in GDP growth (the so-called employment absorption coefficients) in Poland are much lower than in the groups of the euro area countries, the EU 15 and the EU 27. Estimates of the limits of jobless economic growth show that that in Poland in the years 2000–2019 they are much lower than before, and moreover, they are at a much higher level than in the groups of euro area countries, EU 15 and EU 27.
- Work and globalization
The aim of the article is to analyze some aspects of work and globalization from a historical perspective, with the intention of better understanding the challenges of the last 30-40 years of neoliberal globalization. After the globalization of trade, which connected the world in the 16th century, the future was industrial, with a decisive transformation of the sphere of work, e.g. the shift of agriculture to the margins. Globalization after 1945 is more complex, although based on scientific and technological revolutions, it also has other important dimensions: geopolitical, economic (financial), socio-cultural, ecological, and some of them have worrying consequences for the sphere of science and technology. ry work. Among them I discuss President Trump's rejection of the neoliberal globalization that "exported" millions of US jobs to China, the collapse of the middle class, and populist reactions in society and politics. The world of work is full of uncertainty, but it is different in different parts of the world.
- Continuation or change? Selected dilemmas of employment policy at the threshold of the 21st century from today's perspective
The aim of the article is to analyze selected problems of employment policy in Poland from the perspective of the last 20 years. Issues such as: unemployment in various dimensions, segmentation of the labor market, ownership of enterprises from the perspective of employment, labor migrations, remote work, and the shadow economy in the economy are addressed.
- Work and welfare state: multiple dependencies
The subject of the article are considerations on the spread of the relationship between labor taxation and the development of the welfare state. On the one hand, we are dealing with the emergence of various types of non-standard work and forms of remuneration with reduced taxation of labor. On the other hand - with the increase in entitlements to appropriate (in terms of type and amount) social benefits determined on the basis of general rights and various rights not related to work and employment. There is no coordination between the two sides, as evidenced by successive reforms in both the labor market and social security systems. They were indicated in the text and their limited effectiveness was assessed in reconciling the new labor market with the desired scope of the welfare state, which includes its most expensive segments today: health care, education and old-age security.
- Work-life balance in the future - Parents' perspective
The text deals with the issue of balance between work and private life of parents. Based on the observed trends, an attempt was made to predict which changes may have the greatest impact on the possibility of achieving balance in the future: (1) shortening the time spent on performing professional work, (2) basing work on a task model, which will increase flexibility as to the place of work. and time of work; (3) popularization of precarious employment; (4) increasing fathers involvement in childcare. The separately described forecasted changes are interdependent, and their consequences can be positive (facilitate) or negative (hinder the achievement of equilibrium). In addition, these changes will not apply to all employees equally in the future.
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