Polityka Społeczna2018/01-en

  • Models of legal regulation of prostitution and social marginalization of persons providing sexual services (1-6)
    The basis of the article is the analysis of the literature on the subject of prostitution legal regulations in the nineteenth and early twentieth century, as well as current debates on this subject. On its basis, historical and contemporary models of prostitution regulation have been distinguished and described. The article focuses on the situation of women providing sex services and the impact of specific legal regulations on their social situation. Legal solutions that make up the models of prostitution regulation presented vary in degrees to change the extent of social marginalization experienced by women involved in it.
  • Active aging of the population from the perspective of the Council of Europe (7-11)
    The article analyzes treaties and soft law of the Council of Europe regarding the promotion of active aging. Selection and examination covered provisions prohibiting discrimination and promoting intergenerational solidarity, as well as safeguarding independence, autonomy, participation and self-fulfillment of older people. The author concludes that the Council of Europe's law has enormous potential for activating older people. It can positively affect the legislation and policies of its member states, but this depends on their awareness and political will.
  • Poverty and in-depth material deprivation of families in the context of the implementation of the "500 Plus Program" (11-17)
    The aim of the article is to compare the results of simulation of the impact of the "500 Plus Family" program on poverty in 2015 with the change of its indicators between 2015 and 2016. In both cases, the basis for household budget survey was based on the Central Statistical Office (GUS). The EU-SILC data in the area of deep material deprivation was used as an alternative. The year-on-year poverty changes were much smaller than those found in the simulation. The discrepancies found can be explained by referring to the 500+ implementation features (full payment only from the middle of the year), simulation methodology (assumptions regarding income and expenditure, other stable factors) and household budget surveys (study within a month, expenditure poverty).
  • Effectiveness of employers' organizations in Poland (17-21)
    The article deals with the issue of the effectiveness of the institution of employers' organizations in Poland. The first part contains a review of the empirical economic literature on the organization of employers, and the second part deals with the dogmatic and legal analysis of Polish regulations covering the creation and activity of employers' organizations. The main element of the article is to present the results of individual in-depth interviews with government representatives, employers' organizations, trade unions and the academic community. The conclusions compare the results achieved with the issue of the effectiveness of Polish regulations regarding employers' organizations.
  • Social minimum in September 2017 (21-23)
    The article discusses the minimum subsistence estimates for the month of September 2017. In comparison with the data from June, the dynamics of costs maintained a slight weakening trend. The minimum subsistence values for retired households were almost unchanged, while in employee farms the growth was small: from 0.3% to 0.6%. In the months of July-September this year inflation remained at the same level as in the previous three months (0.1%).
  • From scientific research
    • Is it worth to support subsidies for starting business activity by the unemployed. Experience from the local labor market (23-31)
      The article attempts to determine the effects of subsidies for the unemployed to start a business in the city of Włocławek and the poviat. The analysis covered 1845 entities established in the years 2010-2015 by grant beneficiaries. The period of functioning of the launched entities, demographic and social features of people undertaking self-employment and assessment of their impact on the survival of the company was examined. The business profiles of the established companies were also defined as well as the characteristics of persons giving up running a business and their subsequent professional life.
    • A network of communal social assistance centers from the Lubelskie Voivodeship and the implementation of social innovations (31-36)
      The potential condition for the implementation of social innovations is the existence of a cooperation network of entities acting to solve local social problems. The aim of the article is to characterize the present and preferred network of communal social assistance centers, that is, define the type of entities with which they can now enter into cooperation to solve local social problems and entities with whom they would like to cooperate in this regard in the future. The characteristics were made on the basis of a survey carried out in 2016 in the area of rural communes of the Lubelskie Voivodeship on a representative sample of 118 heads of communal social assistance centers. The empirical part of the research was carried out between November and December 2016 using the free-interview technique with a standardized list of wanted information. The choice of the region in which the research was carried out was dictated by the multiplicity of social problems experienced by its inhabitants (especially residents of rural areas), which could be a catalyst for creating a network of local social policy entities aimed at solving them. The effect of the conducted research is the perception that among inactive entities in the field of solving local social problems there are social cooperatives and local entrepreneurs. The managers of communal social assistance centers most feel the need to include non-governmental organizations in these networks, where the activities seek a special opportunity to implement non-standard activities, which are social innovations. They also see the need to engage social cooperatives and entrepreneurs. These networks are not homogeneous, and their preferred composition indicates the potential to include new entities representing the social and economic sectors.
  • Reviews
    • Teaching about public policy. Studies and materials
  • Information
    • BREXIT and its effects on social security systems - from the work of the Committee on Labor Sciences and Social Policy of the Polish Academy of Sciences
    • Results of the 19th Edition of the Institute of Labor and Social Studies competition for the best master's and doctoral dissertations in the field of work and social policy
      Diariusz Polityki Społecznej