• On the role of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in ensuring decent work in the world of production offshoring.
    Production offshoring is a popular strategy that allows companies to gain a competitive advantage, in particular by reducing operating costs, especially labor costs. However, its application entails the risk that in the pursuit of economic goals, companies will go a step too far and will be willing to tacitly accept violations of the fundamental rights of people employed by their subcontractors, especially in developing countries where the level of legal protection is still relatively low . One of the most important challenges of the modern world is therefore to ensure decent work for these people. The question posed in this article is how to do this and whether the International Labor Organization will play a leading role in this process - established to promote basic human rights and improve working and living conditions.
  • Scope of exclusion of social security disputes in European civil procedural law.
    European civil procedural law excludes social security from the scope of its application, but does not define this matter. That concept is to be interpreted autonomously, which is intended to ensure the effectiveness of EU law in the field of the coordination of social security systems. In the case law of the CJEU, it is therefore assumed that the substantive content of the term "social security" in European civil procedural law determines the material scope of Regulation (EU) No 883/2004. This means that matters that are not covered by the coordination of social security systems remain outside the scope of the exclusion. With regard to them, the assessment of the application of the rules of European civil procedural law requires the notion of civil and commercial matters to be taken into account. Only taking into account both elements - the concept of "civil and commercial matters" and "social security" allows us to determine the scope of exclusion of disputes concerning social security in European civil procedural law.
  • Act on ensuring accessibility for people with special needs - legal and social background for the adoption of the act - part 1.
    The Act of 19 July 2019 on ensuring accessibility for people with special needs (consolidated text, Journal of Laws of 2020, item 1062, as amended) is a special act for several reasons. It has a horizontal and relatively comprehensive scope of application, covers various areas of social life regulated so far in separate legal acts. By implementing the principle of accessibility expressed in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (dated in New York on 13 December 2006, Journal of Laws of 2012, item 1169), it anticipates EU law in this respect. It treats the issue of disability in a mainstream way, in the sense that it applies to various groups of people who have even temporary difficulties related to the barriers they encounter. This does not mean that the adopted solutions are free of defects. Many of them are indicated in detail in the commentary to this act (Roszewska, (ed.), 2021). Irrespective of the substantive assessment of the Act itself, it certainly deserves a closer look at the grounds for its introduction. The aforementioned UN Convention was also adopted by the EU. And the interplay between human rights conventions and EU law is complex. The social background of the adoption of the act was also exceptional. It was preceded by an intensive social campaign of the environment of people with disabilities for accessibility, which ended with the adoption of the Accessibility Plus Programme. And one of its results is the Accessibility Act. The first part is devoted to these issues. In the second part, the scope of the Act will be indicated.
  • Legal status of assistant judges fulfilling parental duties - de lege lata and de lege ferenda applications.
  • Processing of personal data in the field of qualifications of persons applying for employment.
  • Voluntary redundancy program as an alternative solution to collective redundancies.
    The article refers to the institution of voluntary redundancy programs, i.e. a solution that is gaining more and more importance as a method of employment reduction. It presents the proposed definition and legal nature of this institution, including in particular the legal effects resulting from the inclusion or omission of the social factor (trade unions) in the preparation and implementation of the PDO as an alternative to collective redundancies. The article is based on the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court regarding the issue of PDO, as well as on the selection of literature relating to the described issue.
  • Periodic appraisal and the protection of the employee's personal rights - the latest jurisprudence.
    The author refers to the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court focused on the issue of infringement of the employee's personal rights as part of the periodic assessment carried out by the employer. He discusses the latest judicate in this field regarding the periodic evaluation of an academic teacher in more detail.

Praca i Zabezpieczenie Społeczne (Work and Social Security) - the whole list