Polityka Społeczna 2017/10

  • Innovative measures for activation of older unemployed (1)
    The paper presents non-standard and innovative measures for activation of older unemployed in various European Union countries, and in Poland. The main emphasis was on showing differences between individualised and standardised procedures according to "target group" used to fight unemployment. The study concludes that in case of re-integration of unemployed older workers allocation of active labour market measures should follow a customised, individualised approach. On the basis of different countries' experiences, several recommendations a customised, individualised approach. On the basis of different countries' experiences, several recommendatiions for Polish labour market policy have been formulated, which implemented should contribute to improving quality of public employment service for unemployed 50+ and to ensure higher and lasting employment outcomes of active labour market programs targeted to older job-seekers.
  • Where seniors live best? Spatial diversification of life quality of the elderly in Poland (7)
    According to statistical data published by Eurostat, Poles are among the fastest aging societies in the European Union. The increase in the elderly population poses challenges not only for medical services, but also for social and economic policy of the country. Discussions on the senior policy focus increasingly also around issues concerning the quality of life of the elderly. This paper aims at spatio-temporal analysis of living standards of older people in Poland. The study uses rich set of economic, social, environmental and health care data to develop a measure of standard of living for people age 65+. Exploratory spatial data analysis tools are implemented to identify spatial relations shaping the living standards among the elderly in Poland. The study is carried out based on statistical data for poviats, in 2010 and 2015.
  • Deficit of pension finances in Poland and its background (13)
    Social insurances, including old-age insurances, are an instrument of state policy. The intergenerational redistribution of income demonstrates its action, and the main principle of their functioning is based on social solidarity, not on the economic calculation. The pension fund deficit is a natural consequence of the imbalance of pension incomes and pension expenditures and is automatically covered by the state budget. Retirement pension finances in Poland are characterized by permanent financial imbalances. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the size of the pension fund deficit in the years 1999-2016 and the most important factors influencing it. An additional goal is the attempt to identify the impact of the recent reduction in retirement age on the size of this deficit in next years. The main research method consist of literature studies (domestic and foreigh) as well as analysis of statistical data. It was concluded that the current and projected deficit volume, despite a steady upward trend, should not pose a threat to budget stability and economic growth. The ratio of the pension fund deficit to the Gross Domestic Product remains at the stable and acceptable level.
  • Lowering the retirement age in a defined contribution scheme and its financial consequences (19)
    In 2013, Poland has increased the retirement age to 67 with a gradual step for men born in 1948-53 and women born in 1953-73. On 1 October 2017, nowever, the reform has been reversed back to 65 for men and 60 for women. The paper analyses qualitatively the financial effects of lowering the retirement age for the public defined contribution old-age pension scheme (part of social insurance scheme), which covers ca. 80 percent of pensioners in the country. The reform does not incrrease the total expenditure on retirement benefits of the social insurance fund in an infinite horizon analysis. It does, however, augment the fiscal pressure by shifting the financial burden from the distant future to the near future, and narrowing the working population and extending the pensioner population, thus acting in favour of distant future generatiions of taxpayers on the expense of their predecessors.
  • Effects of implementing the "Guarantees for Youth" program on the polish labour market (26)
    This article deals with verification of the thesis, that implemented since 2014 The  European Youth Guarantee Program, from the perspective of its three-yiar function has improved the situation of young Poles in local labor markets. In this article statistical data and MRPPS reports were used to analyze the unemployment rates and activation of young people on the labor market. An important element of the comparative evaluation of the program is developed on the basis of a European Commission report on the Youth Guarantee and Youth Emplo9yment Initiative three yiers on, which presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis based on data collected from Member States, including Poland.
  • From research and studies
    • Local differentation according to average upkeeping of the welfare housese on the example of the Lodz voivodeship in the years 2013-2016 (33)
      The problems of the long term caring date from the beginnings of tha 21st century. One of them is to provide a 24-hour caring under appropriate conditions to all the people in need. The article presents the rules of the functioning of welfare houses in Poland, paying special attention to their financing.  The author analyses an average cost of maintenance as well as the cost paid by communities in relation to subsidizing the stays in stationaary 24-hour facilities.
  • Book reviews
    • Zofia Czepulis-Rutkowska: Social security institutions for the elderly at the background of the welfare state changes (40)
  • Diary of Social Policy
    • Content List and Abstracts are easy to find at the following website: http://politykaspoleczna.ipiss.com.pl